Home School Life Journal

Home School Life Journal

History and Geography Meme: Medieval History: The Tradesman

  • Learned about the daily life of a Medieval Tradesmen and drew and wrote in history notebooks about it.
  • Made a Tradesman's costume.
  • Learned about Old English words that we still use today.

  • Whittled.
  • Made a Medieval Apple Tart.
  • Learned about life in a Medieval Village and wrote in history notebooks about it.
  • Played draughts.
  • Made a waterclock.
  • Learned about the rivers in England.
  • Solved math problems.
  • Listened to Medieval music.
  • Learned about women in Medieval times and wrote in history notebook about it.
  • Sketched dragons.
  • Learned about Richard of Wallingford and looked at the stars.
  • Learned about the food tradesmen would eat and made and ate waffles.
  • Played Blind-Man's-Bluff, obstacle course, game ball.
  • Learned about the different trades people had and wrote in history journals. Reviewed all the craftsmen we have seen.
  • Made woodcut prints.
  • Learned about Pilgrim's badges.
  • Noticed and predicted weather without the use of modern devices.
  • Math problems involving tradesmen.

  • Tried spinning with a drop spindle.
  • Reviewed our visit to a Mill.

  • Reviewed our visit to a Glassblower.

Science Sunday: The Respiratory System

As we began study, we came across a few interesting projects to do with the respiratory system and so I thought I would share them with you.
Sponge Stamped Lung Art at Relentlessly Fun, Deceptively Educational
Wearable Human Biology models with working lungs at Crafty Erin
Paint your own organ shirt at Relentlessly Fun, Deceptively Educational

See the Carbon Dioxide in your Breath (using Red Cabbage Indicator) at The Kitchen Pantry Scientist

Have you done any interesting activities while learning about the respiratory system?
What science studies have you been doing?

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June 19-25 Our Homeschool Weekly Report, week 30 Tradesmen

June 19-25

week 30

  • Learned about Richard of Wallingford and looked at the stars and the planets Venus and Jupiter.
  • Learned about the food tradesmen would eat and made and ate waffles.
  • Played Blind-Man's-Bluff, obstacle course, game ball (sort of like football).
  • Made woodcut prints.
  • Learned about the different trades people had and wrote in history journals. Reviewed all the craftsmen we have seen.
  • Noticed and predicted weather without the use of modern devices.
  • Learned about Pilgrim's badges.
  • Solved tradesmen math problems. 
Made a Working Model of the Lungs

We went swimming with friends...

We took a moment away from our game night to take pictures 
of the beautiful sky that came after a thunderstorm.
Quentin took this one.

and had a game night with friends.

What has your week been like?

Join me at...
Don't forget the Memes here at All Things Beautiful:
  • History and Geography on Thursdays
  • Science on Sundays

How to Make a Working Model of Your Lungs

To make a working model of your lungs, you need an empty 2-liter bottle, a large balloon and a plastic storage bag or two large balloons and some tape.

  • Cut a plastic bottle across the middle to remove the bottom. We used a 2-liter, but any size will do. 
  • Cut the narrow part off of a second balloon or cut the zipper off a plastic storage bag and stretch it over the bottom of the bottle. The balloon works better for smaller bottles and the storage bag works better if you are using a 2-liter bottle. If you are using a balloon, it should fit over the opening pretty tightly. If you are using the storage bag, it should fully surround the bottom of the bottle but has plenty of slack in it. Tape to secure it to the bottle. Make sure there is a good seal. If you are using the storage bag, push the bag's slack into the bottle.
  • Blow up a balloon and let the air out a few times to stretch the balloon a bit. Place a balloon in the neck of the bottle, and stretch the opening of the balloon over the opening of the bottle, putting the balloon upside-down in the top opening of the bottle.
  • The balloon at the bottom or the plastic bag represents your diaphragm. The balloon inside represents your lungs.
  • When you breathe in, the diaphragm contracts. To simulate this, pull the diaphragm bag/balloon down. This lowers the air pressure in the chest cavity, because there's more room, and air fills the lungs.
  • When you exhale, the diaphragm relaxes. To simulate this, release the bag/balloon, and push the slack up. The air pressure in the chest cavity increases and air flows out of the lungs.

Sources and Resources:
  • Exploring Creation with General Science, Jay Wile
  • Exploring Creation with Human Anatomy and Physiology, Jeannie Fulbright and Brooke Ryan

How to Make an Edible Model of the Respiratory System

To make an edible model of the Respiratory System, you will need:
First, make your trachea with the rings of cartilage with the licorice and about 8 Gummy Lifesavers. We used filled licorice, which is quite thick, so we only used one strand of it. If you use regular licorice, I would recommend putting two pieces of licorice together and threading them through the Gummy Lifesavers. This will make it a bit easier when you make the bronchi branch off to the two lungs. Leave space at both the top and bottom, so that you have a inch or two of the licorice sticking out at the top and several inches at the bottom.

Lay your trachea model on the parchment paper and take the top end of the trachea and mold a larynx out of Laffy Taffy and attach it to the licorice at the top of the model. It should cover the licorice that sticking out of the top of the model.
labeled diagram of the respiratory system

Using the trachea as a point of reference, sketch out the size of the lungs on the parchment paper. You can look at the diagram to get a rough lung shape. They will need to be about 8 inches tall and about 4 inches wide to match the scale of the rest of the model. You can mold the lungs freehand, without drawing it first on the parchment paper, but my students found it easier to sketch out the area in advance to give them an idea of the the relative size of the lungs to the trachea before adding the Rice Krispy Treats.

Next, make a batch of Rice Krispy Treats. I know you probably already know how to make these, but I have included the recipe, in case you need it.

Rice Krispy Treats

3 tablespoons butter or margarine
1 package (10 oz., about 40) Marshmallows OR 4 cups Miniature Marshmallows
6 cups Rice Krispies cereal or the like 

In large saucepan melt butter over low heat. Add marshmallows and stir until completely melted. Remove from heat. Add cereal. Stir until well coated

For this project, we used 8 oz. strawberry marshmallows and 2 oz. of plain marshmallows, which gave the lungs a nice pink-peach color. If you don't want to use the pink marshmallows, you can add a few drops of red food coloring or just leave it tan. (Note: If you use the dye, your hands may turn red as  you work with the treats.)

While your Rice Krispy Treats are still warm and malleable, put in in the areas you sketched for your lungs, molding it into the shape of the two lungs. With the leftover treats, mold little lumpy balls to represent the alveoli

Cut the bottom end of the licorice in half and arrange them on the lungs so that they look like they are branching off the bronchi. These represent the bronchioles. You can cut the Licorice into quarters to make even smaller bronchioles, or you can use Licorice Laces to make the bronchioles branch off. That was my original plan, but we couldn't find any Licorice Laces at the store.

You can now attach the alveoli balls you made earlier to the ends of the bronchioles, and your model is complete!

Air travels from the mouth or nose into the trachea, passes through the trachea and into the bronchus. These two primary tubes branch into smaller and smaller bronchial tubes. At the end of the smallest bronchial tubes, called bronchioles are sacs called alveoli

The alveoli are covered with capillaries. The deoxygenated blood has come into the lung through the arteries, flows through these capillaries, getting red of carbon dioxide and accepting oxygen from the air that has been brought into the alveoli by the bronchioles. The carbon dioxide travels back out of the alveoli, through the bronchioles, into the bronchial tube system, and out the trachea each time one exhales.

  • Have your student tell you the parts of the respiratory system, using the model as a visual. 
  • Have your student tell you the process the respiratory system goes through, using the appropriate terms.
  • Have your student take a picture of the model or make a sketch of it and include it in his science journal. You can have him label the model with sticky notes before he takes the picture, or your student can label it after he includes it in his science journal.
  • Since everything is edible, when you are finished with the study, you can enjoy a snack!


  • Exploring Creation with General Studies, Wile
  • Exploring Creation with Human Anatomy and Physiology, Fulbright and Ryan

History and Geography Meme:The Medieval Peasant

James' (age 14) notebook page
Remember we I had the boys make a Feudal system diagram-chart to review the hierarchy of the social ranks in the feudal system?
Quentin's (age 11) notebook page

We colored in the bottom row, "Slaves," "Serfs," and half of the rectangular box labeled, "Freemen." They also colored in a box at the bottom of the chart and labeled this, "Peasants" to indicate that the Slaves, the Serfs and half the Freemen made up the class referred to as Peasants. We will be continuing to refer back to this chart as we go through our studies of the different levels of society.
Then the boys learned what it was like to be a peasant. We...

  • dressed in peasant clothing and worked as a peasant, clearing a field of rocks.
  • Roleplayed: Impact of the Norman Invasion.
  • learned about Old English.
  • made a model of a Wattle and Daub house and Floor mat.
  • learned about Medieval Instruments.
  • did peasant math problems.
  • played the Game of Skittles, with Throwing Hammers, Foot Races, Bucket Races.
  • learned about Peasant Food and made and ate Frumenty.
  • made an Olive oil lamp.
  • learned about the Black Death and looked at the "cures" they had for it.
  • Carried out historical inquiry with the Riccall mystery.

Early Middle Ages: The Normans, part three: The Riccall Bones Mystery: How do we Carry out Historical Inquiry?

  • Tended a garden.
  • Food Storage: Canned food. Made jelly. Dried herbs.

  • Cooked a meal over campfire.

  • Reviewed our visit to a beekeeper.

What history and geography studies have you been doing this week?
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