Our Homeschool From Preschool to High School
Note that contrary to the idea that the Middle Ages was a Dark Age, that tremendous expansion actually took place -territoriality, socially, economically and intellectually.
I. End of the Invasions -The Open Society of the Middle Ages
II. Territorial Expansion
A .Spain --The Reconquista
B. Byzantine Empire -Robert Guiscard
C. William the Conqueror -The Bayeux Tapestry --The Battle of Hastings
D. The Crusades
1. James Brundage The Medieval Canon Law and the Crusades
2. The Council of Clermont.
a. Read Pope Urban's Speech at Clearmont, France
3. The First Crusade, 1096
4. The Second Crusade, 1147
5. The Third Crusade, 1189
6. The Four Lost Crusades, 1202, 1219, 1228, 1248
III. Effects of Expansion
A. Social Effects/Expansion
B. Economic Effects/Expansion
C. Intellectual Effects/Expansion
1. Saint Thomas Aquinas -scholasticism -Aristitelian Logic. Read Summa Theologica.
2. The Rise of the Medieval Universities
D. Closing of the Medieval Frontier
1. The Black Death
Complete a map showing the Crusades.
Note the attainment of security during such chaotic times with the emergence of a very unique relationship -feudalism. Note the tremendous influence feudalism had on every aspect of medieval society.
I. Feudalism -The Need for Security
A. Mutual Dependency and Mutual Obligations
B. Effects of Feudalism on Medieval Society
1. Political Effect
2. Economic Effect
3. Social Effect
II. Social Classes of Medieval Europe
A. Fighting Class
1. Feudal Chivalry
a. Military Prowess
b. Loyalty or Trustworthiness
e. Love of Glory
2. Religious Chivalry
a. The Crusades
b. John of Salisbury, The Statesman Book
c. The Quest for the Holy Grail.
-Read The Song of Roland
-Watch David Macaulay: The Castle.
B. Working Class
C. Praying Class
Note the attainment of security for the first time since the fall of Rome with the emergence of a true Western society under the leadership of Charlemagne.
A. Charles Martel "The Hammer"
B. Pepin the Short
1. Military Leadership
2. Christian (Pious) Warrior
4. Carolingian Renaissance
II. 9th Century Invasions and the Collapse of the Carolingian Empire
A. Louis the Pious
Complete maps: 1.) showing Charlemagne's Empire, including the Frankish Kingdom of 768, Areas Conquerored by Charlemagne and the Byzantine Empire, as well as the surrounding areas, 2.) showing the 9th Century Invasions of the Vikings, Magyars and Muslims.
Note the achievements made by these two societies outside of Western society, but also the tremendous influence they had on Western society.
Complete the outline using your notes.
I. Byzantium (Eastern Roman Empire)
1. Territorial Expansion
2. Religious Re-unification
3. Roman Law
B. The Koran (Qur'an)
C. The Expansion of Islam
1. Algebra, Al-khwariaini
Make a map of the Muslim Empire including the major cities of Baghdad, Cairo, Cordoba and Damascus.
Note the goal of security and in achieving it how the emergence and dominance of the Roman Catholic Church was to evolve.
Use the following outline to organize your research. Complete the outline using your notes.
I. Church and State
A. Western Christendom
B. Structural Development of Christianity
C. Christian Theological Development -Church Fathers.
1. Saint Jerome
2. Saint Ambrose
3. Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo
D. Importance of Rome
1. First and Strongest Capital
2. People turned to Bishop of Rome for leadership
3. Early Rome Bishops were strong leaders
4. Bishop of Rome was the successor to Saint Peter and thus the direct authority for the will of God. Read The Petrine Theory.
E. The Attainment of Salvation
F. Early Christian Monasticism
1. Saint Benedict. Read Rule of St. Benedict.
G. Missionary Activity of the Early Roman Catholic Church
Make maps depicting the Early Middle Ages including the Frankish Kingdom, the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Islam.
- Evaluate the origins of Rome and the essence of "res publica."
- During the Roman Revolution the leaders of the Republic lost their gift for compromise. How did this revolution come about and what were the effects it had on the Roman Republic, as personified by the fall of Caesar and the rise of Octavian?
- Trace the development of Christianity from it's beginnings in the Roman Empire, showing both the good fortunes and the setbacks it encountered.
- Many causes have been given for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. Analyze the various interpretations covered, being sure to consider economic, military, political and social causes. Be sure to include what you think were the causes for the fall of Rome and why.
Ides of March
Edict of Milan
Sermon on the Mount
Battle of the Milvian Bridge
Council of Nicaea (325 AD)
Age of the Martyr
Note the loss of security within the Empire and the causes/interpretations that explain why Rome fell.
Complete the outline using your notes.
I. The Germanic Invasions
A. The Huns
E. Angles and Saxons
II. The Fall of Rome
A. Barbarization of the Empire from Within; Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire by Michael Rostovtzeff, and Tenny Frank's Race Mixture in the Roman Empire.
B. Lack of Technological Advancements; F. W. Walbank, Decline of the Roman Empire in the West.
C. Christianity; Edward Gibbons, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
D. Manpower Shortage; A. E. R. Boak, Manpower Shortage and the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West
E. Loss of Economic Freedom; W. L. Westerman, Economic Basis of Decline of Ancient Culture.
F. Lack of any non-revolutionary means of reform; W Em Heitland, Roman Fate.
G. Fall of an Ideal; David Tengwall
A. Instead of one, there would be several cultures (West, Byzantium, Islam) in the Mediterranean
B. End of cultural civilization
C. Change from Urban time Rural society
D. Ancient Civilizations came to an end
Note the rise of the problems within the Empire and the attempts made to resolve those problems. Was it too late? Also, note that during this period Christianity was to flourish.
I. Crisis of the 3rd Century
A. Political Weakness
B. Military Weakness
C. Economic Weakness
II. Restoration of Order
A. Reign of Diocletian
1. Military Developments
2. Political Developments
3. Persecution of the Christians
a. Age of the Martyr
1. Importance for Christianity
2. Political Moves
3. Christian Religion
1. Christianity, the official religion of the Empire
Watch David Macaulay's Roman City and Andrea Cirla's The Seven Wonders of Ancient Rome.
Complete the following outline using your notes
I. Social Life within the Roman Empire
A. Roman Forum
B. Roman Aqueducts
C. Roman Colosseum
D. Rome -a city of monuments
E. Trojan's Column
F. Roman Arches
Note the supreme security that the Roman Empire achieved and within that security the emergence of the philosophy of Christianity.
I. Principate of Augustus
A. Military Power
B. Political and Imperial Power
C. Social and Religious Policy
E. Political Succession
Read Res Gestae: The Accomplishments of Agustus, Augustus
II. Successors to Augustus
III. The Empire at its Height
A. The Flavian Emperors
1. Titus Flavius Vespasian
B. The Five Good Emperors
4. Antonius Pius
5. Marcus Aurelius (Read Meditations, Marcus Aurelius.)
C. The Roman Empire in the Second Century
2. Provincial Government
3. Roman Law (Read The Laws, Cicero.)
IV. The Beginnings of Christianity (Roman Perspective)
A. Roman attitudes of gods (Read The Sermon on the Mount.)
B. Historical Strengths of Christianity
1. He was human.
2. He was a demanding leader.
3. They created support groups.
4. There was an individual ethic.
C. Why did Christianity succeed?
1. Will of God
2. Leaders of Rome not worried about Christianity
January 2018 Painting, Twelfth Night
February 2018 Sculpture, Mardi Gras
March 2018 Magic the Gathering, Mardi Gras
April 2018 Empty Bowls, Easter
June 2018 Pippin, Steven Laid off
July 2018 Independence Day, Les Miserables
August 2018 Friendly's, Summer
September 2018 Back-to-School
October 2018 Halloween
November 2018 Beach, Thanksgiving
December 2018 Christmas