Home School Life Journal From Preschool to High School

Home School Life Journal ........... Ceramics by Katie Bergenholtz
"Let us strive to make each moment beautiful."
Saint Francis DeSales

High School Ancient History Lesson 21: The Expanding Medieval Frontier

Note that contrary to the idea that the Middle Ages was a Dark Age, that tremendous expansion actually took place -territoriality, socially, economically and intellectually.

I. End of the Invasions -The Open Society of the Middle Ages

II. Territorial Expansion
     A .Spain --The Reconquista
     B. Byzantine Empire -Robert Guiscard
     C. William the Conqueror -The Bayeux Tapestry --The Battle of Hastings
     D. The Crusades
          1. James Brundage The Medieval Canon Law and the Crusades
          2. The Council of Clermont. 
              a. Read Pope Urban's Speech at Clearmont, France
          3. The First Crusade, 1096
          4. The Second Crusade, 1147
          5. The Third Crusade, 1189
          6. The Four Lost Crusades, 1202, 1219, 1228, 1248

III. Effects of Expansion
     A. Social Effects/Expansion
     B. Economic Effects/Expansion
     C. Intellectual Effects/Expansion
          1. Saint Thomas Aquinas -scholasticism -Aristitelian Logic. Read Summa Theologica.
          2. The Rise of the Medieval Universities
     D. Closing of the Medieval Frontier
          1. The Black Death

Complete a map showing the Crusades.

High School Ancient History Lesson 20: Fuedalism and the Emergence of Medieval Society

Note the attainment of security during such chaotic times with the emergence of a very unique relationship -feudalism. Note the tremendous influence feudalism had on every aspect of medieval society.

I. Feudalism -The Need for Security
     A. Mutual Dependency and Mutual Obligations
     B. Effects of Feudalism on Medieval Society
          1. Political Effect
          2. Economic Effect
          3. Social Effect

II. Social Classes of Medieval Europe
     A. Fighting Class
          1. Feudal Chivalry
               a. Military Prowess
               b. Loyalty or Trustworthiness
               c. Generosity
               d. Courtesy
               e. Love of Glory
          2. Religious Chivalry
               a. The Crusades
               b. John of Salisbury, The Statesman Book
               c. The Quest for the Holy Grail. 
                   -Read The Song of Roland
                   -Watch David Macaulay: The Castle.
     B. Working Class
     C. Praying Class

High School Ancient History Lesson 19: Charlemagne: The Consolidation of the Empire

Note the attainment of security for the first time since the fall of Rome with the emergence of a true Western society under the leadership of Charlemagne.

I. Charlemagne
     A. Charles Martel "The Hammer"
     B. Pepin the Short
     C. Charlemagne
          1. Military Leadership
          2. Christian (Pious) Warrior
          3. Government
          4. Carolingian Renaissance

II. 9th Century Invasions and the Collapse of the Carolingian Empire
     A. Louis the Pious

Complete maps: 1.) showing Charlemagne's Empire, including the Frankish Kingdom of 768, Areas Conquerored by Charlemagne and the Byzantine Empire, as well as the surrounding areas, 2.) showing the 9th Century Invasions of the Vikings, Magyars and Muslims.

February 2019 Snapshot Summary

February 2019 Snapshot Summary

 February was full of snow days and since we live an hour and a half away from Sam's college, he has had to drive in some nasty weather before classes were cancelled.
On one particular day, he drove through some really nasty weather and his siblings had been really worried about him. He was greeting home with lots of hugs.

All these beach snow pictures were taken by James.

 Meanwhile, James has been taking some photos of the more beautiful aspects of the weather.

 Before we moved to the beach, I never had any idea how beautiful snow and ice at the beach could be.

Deer tracks in the snow around our driveway.

On Chinese New Year we celebrated with take-out Chinese and Katie made some origami pigs as it is the Year of the Pig.
 We also celebrated Hope's birthday.
 Katie made cookies for St. Valentine's Day.
I have been learning a lot about large family budge cooking from Jammerill Stewart.
Shepherd's Pies before the mashed potato topping was added.

Quentin has been making granola on a regular basis.
Midas decided that the best way to keep us all home is to lay on the pile of coats by the front door.

 Alex and I have been enjoying a Geology science kit he got for Christmas.
 We put a piece of popcorn rock in vinegar...


 ...and crystals began to come out of the rock.

Sam testified at the Ways and Means Committee of Maryland's House of Representatives on a bill to provide a tax break on textbooks the first week week of college. If you would like to see him testifying, you can go here and right under the banner is 

Find Legislation:

Type in hb890 in the "By Number" box.
He appears at around 3:00:30 or so (around the end of the video).

photo by James
Homeschool Life
I have settled into a good homeschool schedule with Quentin and James. Below is the basic schedule. They have other subjects they are working on, but this is the bare-bones schedule that has to be done, even if we are busy or mildly sick.

Special Activity with Alex

Work one-on-one with James in Math and Science

Quentin works on English Composition and Literature  on his own


Special Activity with Alex

Work one-on-one with Quentin in Math, Science and Shakespeare

James works on Literature in his own

Work one-on-one with James with Math and English Composition

Quentin works on History on his own

Work one-on-one with Quentin in Math, Science and Shakespeare

James works on Literature in his own

Work one-on-one with James with Math and History

Quentin works on English Composition and Literature
    How has your February been?

    photo by James

    High School Ancient History Lesson 18: Societies of Greatness: Byzantium and Islam

    Note the achievements made by these two societies outside of Western society, but also the tremendous influence they had on Western society.

    Complete the outline using your notes.

    I. Byzantium (Eastern Roman Empire)
         A. Justinian
              1. Territorial Expansion
              2. Religious Re-unification
              3. Roman Law

    II. Islam
         A. Muhammad
         B. The Koran (Qur'an)
         C. The Expansion of Islam
              1. Algebra, Al-khwariaini

    Make a map of the Muslim Empire including the major cities of Baghdad, Cairo, Cordoba and Damascus.

    High School Ancient History Lesson 17: Western Christendom: The Emergence of the Roman Church

    Note the goal of security and in achieving it how the emergence and dominance of the Roman Catholic Church was to evolve.

    Use the following outline to organize your research. Complete the outline using your notes.

    I. Church and State
         A. Western Christendom
         B. Structural Development of Christianity
         C. Christian Theological Development -Church Fathers.
              1. Saint Jerome
              2. Saint Ambrose
              3. Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo
         D. Importance of Rome
              1. First and Strongest Capital
              2. People turned to Bishop of Rome for leadership
              3. Early Rome Bishops were strong leaders
              4. Bishop of Rome was the successor to Saint Peter and thus the direct authority for the will of God. Read The Petrine Theory.
         E. The Attainment of Salvation
              1. Grace
              2. Sacraments
         F. Early Christian Monasticism
              1. Saint Benedict. Read Rule of St. Benedict.
         G. Missionary Activity of the Early Roman Catholic Church

    Make maps depicting the Early Middle Ages including the Frankish Kingdom, the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Islam.

    High School Ancient History, Exam 2

    Essay Questions

    1. Evaluate the origins of Rome and the essence of "res publica."
    2. During the Roman Revolution the leaders of the Republic lost their gift for compromise. How did this revolution come about and what were the effects it had on the Roman Republic, as personified by the fall of Caesar and the rise of Octavian?
    3. Trace the development of Christianity from it's beginnings in the Roman Empire, showing both the good fortunes and the setbacks it encountered.
    4. Many causes have been given for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. Analyze the various interpretations covered, being sure to consider economic, military, political and social causes. Be  sure to include what you think were the causes for the fall of Rome and why.

    Short Answer

    res public
    Ides of March
    Roman Law
    Edict of Milan
    Gaius Marius
    Sermon on the Mount
    Tiberius Gracheus
    Battle of the Milvian Bridge
    Council of Nicaea (325 AD)
    Age of the Martyr

    Ancient History Map Quiz 2

    After studying this map, on a blank map fill in where the six barbarian tribes originally resided and mark with an arrow the areas they invaded.
    The Fall of the Roman Empire

    High School Ancient History Lesson 16: The Fall of Rome

    Note the loss of security within the Empire and the causes/interpretations that explain why Rome fell.

    Complete the outline using your notes.

    I. The Germanic Invasions
         A. The Huns
         B. Visigoths
         C. Vandals
         D. Franks
         E. Angles and Saxons

    II. The Fall of Rome
         A. Barbarization of the Empire from Within; Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire by Michael Rostovtzeff, and Tenny Frank's Race Mixture in the Roman Empire.
         B. Lack of Technological Advancements; F. W. Walbank, Decline of the Roman Empire in the West.
         C. Christianity; Edward Gibbons, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
         D. Manpower Shortage; A. E. R. Boak, Manpower Shortage and the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West
         E. Loss of Economic Freedom; W. L. Westerman, Economic Basis of Decline of Ancient Culture.
         F. Lack of any non-revolutionary means of reform; W Em Heitland, Roman Fate.
         G. Fall of an Ideal; David Tengwall

    III. Conclusions
         A. Instead of one, there would be several cultures (West, Byzantium, Islam) in the Mediterranean
         B. End of cultural civilization
         C. Change from Urban time Rural society
         D. Ancient Civilizations came to an end

    High School Ancient History Lesson 15: The Roman Empire: The Beginning of the End

    Note the rise of the problems within the Empire and the attempts made to resolve those problems. Was it too late? Also, note that during this period Christianity was to flourish.

    I. Crisis of the 3rd Century
         A. Political Weakness
         B. Military Weakness
         C. Economic Weakness

    II. Restoration of Order
        A. Reign of Diocletian
              1. Military Developments
              2. Political Developments
              3. Persecution of the Christians
                   a. Age of the Martyr
         B. Constantine
              1. Importance for Christianity
              2. Political Moves
              3. Christian Religion
         C. Theodosius
              1. Christianity, the official religion of the Empire

    High School Ancient History Lesson 14: Roman Society and Architecture

    Watch David Macaulay's Roman City and Andrea Cirla's The Seven Wonders of Ancient Rome.

    Complete the following outline using your notes

    I. Social Life within the Roman Empire
         A. Roman Forum
         B. Roman Aqueducts
         C. Roman Colosseum
         D. Rome -a city of monuments
         E. Trojan's Column
         F. Roman Arches
         G.Triumphant Procession/March

    High School Ancient History Lesson 13: The Empire and the Rise of Christianity

    Note the supreme security that the Roman Empire achieved and within that security the emergence of the philosophy of Christianity.

    I. Principate of Augustus
         A. Military Power
         B. Political and Imperial Power
         C. Social and Religious Policy
         D. Literature
         E. Political Succession

    Read Res Gestae: The Accomplishments of Agustus, Augustus

    II. Successors to Augustus
         A. Tiberius
         B. Caligula
         C. Claudius
         D. Nero

    III. The Empire at its Height
         A. The Flavian Emperors
              1. Titus Flavius Vespasian
              2. Domitian
         B. The Five Good Emperors
              1. Nerva
              2. Trajan
              3. Hadrian
              4. Antonius Pius
              5. Marcus Aurelius (Read Meditations, Marcus Aurelius.)
         C. The Roman Empire in the Second Century
              1. Economy
              2. Provincial Government
              3. Roman Law (Read The Laws, Cicero.)

    IV. The Beginnings of Christianity (Roman Perspective)
         A. Roman attitudes of gods (Read The Sermon on the Mount.)
         B. Historical Strengths of Christianity
              1. He was human.
              2. He was a demanding leader.
              3. They created support groups.
              4. There was an individual ethic.
         C. Why did Christianity succeed?
              1. Will of God
              2. Leaders of Rome not worried about Christianity


    2018 At A Glance

    Here is a collage of our year. The months are in order, starting from the upper left with January 2018 and ending in the lower right, with December 2018.

    January 2018 Painting, Twelfth Night

    February 2018 Sculpture, Mardi Gras

    March 2018 Magic the Gathering, Mardi Gras

    April 2018 Empty Bowls, Easter

    June 2018 Pippin, Steven Laid off

    July 2018 Independence Day, Les Miserables

    August 2018 Friendly's, Summer

    September 2018 Back-to-School

    October 2018 Halloween

    November 2018 Beach, Thanksgiving

    December 2018 Christmas