|Map from Interactive 3-D Maps: American History by Donald Silver|
We talked about branding cows so that the owners could identify them. We talked about how the ranchers needed lots of helpers or hands to drive the cattle and that there was also the need for a cook and a chuck wagon to feed all the hands. We talked about the difficulties that the cowboys had, many of which were similar to the pioneers's difficulties, such as river crossings and wildfires.
and sketching of cowboys in the week to come.
Became President after the death of Lincoln
Vetoed the Civil Rights bill stating “This is a country for white men, and by God, as long as I am President, it shall be a government for white men.”
Two attempts at impeachment were made against him
Ulysses S Grant
Reconstruction period for the United States
Ratified the 15th amendment establishing voting rights for all
Promoted severe punishment for the Ku Klux Klan
Is on the $50 bill and has the Grant Memorial on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. named after him.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
Won by a very close margin
Gold discovered in the Black Hills, S. Dakota Resulted in attempted removal of Indians from their Reservations
Battle of Little Big Horn
The Great Turkey Walk, Kathleen Karr
This is a great book to read while studying the Western Cattle Trails because it is a very funny parody in which the main character, Simon, (who's just completed third grade (for the fourth time), herds a huge flock of turkeys all the way from his home in eastern Missouri to the boomtown of Denver, where they'll fetch a "mighty price." In the year 1860, just as the real cattle drivers, the hazards of such a trek are many, but in this case mighty funny, too. This is great as a read-aloud as soon as they are old enough to understand the parody humor or for 5th graders (age 10) and up to read to themselves.
A good non-fiction book on this subject is National Geographic's How to Get Rich on a Texas Cattle Drive by Tod Olsonrelated posts:
and for further inspiration:
- photos of the cattle drives area at Reasons for Chocolate
- Roping with a rope-covered hula hoop at Restless Risa
- How to Draw a Cowboy at All That's Goood!
- Cowboy Unit at Homeschool Creations