These activities and lessons are based on the lessons at the Red Cross UK website. You nay want to go there are get more ideas and lessons for your students based on their interests and knowledge. You could also either purchase or borrow from the library a book on first aid.
Have your students brainstorm what situations your student's characters may go through in which they might need first aid. They might come up with abrasions, broken bones, rashes, etc. You can have them just say them verbally, say them while you write them down on a whiteboard or have them write them down in small groups and then review them together.
First Aid Lessons
The first lesson is to always call an adult and/or 911 in the case of emergency. The following first aid steps are what to do after you have called for help and while you are waiting for help to arrive. This is why it is called first aid.
- Heavy Bleeding: Apply pressure to wound, whether it be by hand or cloth until help arrives.
- Broken Bone: Support the injury with hand, cushion or cloth to prevent movement.
- Severe Burns: Run cool running water over burn for 10 minutes while waiting for help to arrive. Wrap in clear plastic bag.
- Head Injury: Ask person to rest and apply something cold to the injury.
- Choking: Give back blows by bending the person forwards and hitting them firmly between the shoulder blades.
- Hypothermia: Wrap the person in warm clothes and a blanket, give him warm drinks and high energy foods like chocolate.
- Sprains: Rest injured area and apply ice pack.
- Unresponsive and Breathing: Tilt head back and watch chest for breathing. If breathing, move them on their side and tilt head back.
- Unresponsive and Not Breathing: Tilt their head back and look at their chest or stomach to see if it is moving. Look, listen and feel for breaths on your cheek. If they are not breathing, their chest or stomach will not be moving. Give chest compressions by pushing firmly in the middle of their chest and then releasing. Push firmly, at a regular rate, until help arrives.