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"Let us strive to make each moment beautiful."
Saint Francis DeSales
painting by Katie Bergenholtz

Beginning Latin Grammar, Lesson15: Indirect Objects

Latin Grammar for iPad and iPhone
"I would make them all learn English;
and then I would let the clever ones learn Latin as an honour, and Greek as a treat." --Sir Winston Churchill

If your students need to review English grammar before introducing Latin Grammar, go to Simple Grammar.

Previous Lessons in the series:
Lesson 1: Latin Nouns
Lesson 5: Present Tense
Lesson 6: The Infinitive
Lesson 7: Review
Lesson 8 Direct Object
Lesson 9: Predicate Nouns
Lesson 10: Review and Vocabulary
Lesson 11: Possessives
Lesson 12: Appositives
Lesson 13: Review
Lesson 14: Prepositions


In Latin, indirect objevts usually follow verbs meaning give, offer, show, tell and their synonyms. As in English, they express the relation of "to" or "for" but always without a preposition.
All Latin nouns used as indirect objects must be in the Dative case, and so have Dative case endings. The Dative case endings for nouns in the First Declension are:
Dative Singular: -ae
Dative Plural: -is

Exercises:
Translate into English.

  1. Piratae poetis insulam demonstrant.
  2. Cornelia fugam nautaram demonstrat.
  3. Fabulas Corneliae narramus.
  4. Pecuniam Corneliae narramus.
  5. Pecuniam Corneliae reginae, datis.
Translate into Latin.


  1. The salior is giving the farmer money.
  2. The sailor is giving money to the farmer.
  3. You show the queen the island.
  4. We are giving money to Cornelia, daughter of the queen.
  5. The girls are telling stories to the poet.
  6. I am showing the farmer the street.
  7. The queen is giving the pirates booty.
Give the Nominative, Genative, Accusative, and Ablative case endings for the nouns of the First Declension, singular and plural.

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