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Home School Life Journal ........... painting by Katie Bergenholtz
"Let us strive to make each moment beautiful."
Saint Francis DeSales

Beginning Latn Grammar, Lesson 6: The Infinitive

Latin Grammar for iPad and iPhone
"I would make them all learn English;
and then I would let the clever ones learn Latin as an honour, and Greek as a treat." --Sir Winston Churchill

If you need to review English grammar before introducing Latin Grammar, go to Simple Grammar.

Lesson 1: Latin Nouns
In English and in Latin the infinitive is a very important verb form. In English the infinitive may be recognized by the word "to" before the main verb, such as "to go" or "to live." In Latin the infinitive is the most important part of the verb because it shows to what part of the conjugation the verb belongs. It may be recognized in most verbs  by the ending "re", which is translated as "to" in English, for example "ambulare" means "to walk" and "cantare" means "to sing", and so forth.
In Latin lessons the verbs in vocabulary lists are usually given as infinitives. To form the Present Tense of a verb in the First Conjugation, remove the  "re" from the Infinitive and add the personal endings.

Exercises:
Form the entire Present Tense of the following and translate.

  • Amare
  • Laborare
  • Exspectare
Translate:
Ambulamue
Poetae laborant.
Porto
Amatis

Translate into Latin:
  • We are.
We are singing.
The girl and the queen are walking.
The woman is waiting.





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