Politics and Political ScienceWhat questions does political science answer?
for what ends?
by what means?
Politics and GovernmentCompare and contrast governmental politics with politics in other societal groups.
extends to the whole society
can legitimately use force.
The Purposes of GovernmentIdentify the purposes for which government is established.
Maintain order in society.
Provide for national defense.
Provide "public goods".
Protect individual liberty.
The Meaning of DemocracyOutline the major principles of democracy.
Recognition of individual dignity and personal freedom.
Equality before the law.
Widespread participation in decision making.
Majority rule, with one person equaling one vote.
The Paradox of DemocracyWhat is the role of constitutions in context of considering the inherent conflict between majority rule and individual freedom.
Constitutions are the principal means of limiting government power.
Direct verses Representative DemocracyCompare and contrast representational government and direct government.
Direct democracy, in which everyone participates in every public decision, is very rare. Representative democracy means that public decisions are made by representatives elected by the people, in elections held periodically and open to competition, in which candidates and voters freely express themselves.
Who Really Governs?Show how elitism and pluralism reach different conclusions about who governs in America.
The elitist perspective on American democracy focuses on the small number of leaders who actually decide national issues. A pluralist perspective focuses on competition among organized groups in society, with individuals participating through group membership and voting for parties and candidates in elections.
Democracy in AmericaEvaluate the implications of the elitist and pluralist views for the realization of American democratic ideals.
Democratic ideals are widely shared in our society, but you must make your own informed judgment about how they play out in American politics.
|High School American Government|