Home School Life Journal From Preschool to High School

Home School Life Journal ........... Ceramics by Katie Bergenholtz
"Let us strive to make each moment beautiful."
Saint Francis DeSales

First Aid, Lesson 3: The Human Body


This is a review for students who have taken human biology or studied the basics of human physiology.

Describe the primary areas of the body.
  • Extremities- arms and legs
  • Thorax-chest area
  • Abdomen- area below the chest, the stomach area, including the diaphragm
  • Pelvis-area below the abdomen, including the hip
  • Spine-the back and neck, from the base of the brain to the tailbone
List the 10 body systems and explain a key function of each.
  1. Respiratory-provides oxygen and removes carbon dioxide
  2. Cardiovascular-moves blood throughout the body
  3. Nervous- controls movement, body functions and sensory perception, consciousness
  4. Musculoskeletal- gives the body shape and strength. Makes movement possible.
  5. Integumentary-skin and related structures
  6. Gastrointestinal-Extracts nutrients from food, eliminates wastes.
  7. Immune-helps fight disease.
  8. Endocrine- produces hormones that regulate body functions
  9. Urinary-removes liquid wastes from the body
  10. Reproductive- makes reproduction possible
For each body system, describe at least one injury or illness that affects the functioning of that system.
  1. Respiratory-airway obstruction, choking
  2. Cardiovascular-stroke, arrhythmia, myocardial infarction
  3. Nervous- altered mental status, paralysis
  4. Musculoskeletal- fracture, dislocation, sprain
  5. Integumentary-frostbite, burns
  6. Gastrointestinal-vomiting and diarrhea from illnesses or conditions
  7. Immune-HIV, wound infections
  8. Endocrine- diabetes
  9. Urinary-injury to the bladder or kidneys signaled by blood in urine, dehydration
  10. Reproductive- injury to reproductive organs, childbirth (not an injury or illness, but is something that one may need to use first aid techniques to assist with)

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