Home School Life Journal From Preschool to High School

Home School Life Journal ........... Ceramics by Katie Bergenholtz
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Saint Francis DeSales

First Aid, Lesson 2: Acting in a Emergency

High School Health Credit: First Aid

Explain how blood-borne pathogens may be transmitted.

The victim has an infectious pathogen and:

  • There is blood-borne transmission. (You come into contact with the person's blood or other bodily fluids.)
  • There is airborne transmission. (You inhale tiny droplets that contains the pathogen.)
  • There is direct contact. 
  • There is indirect contact (via contaminated objects, drink, food, etc.
Simply having the pathogen into the body does not mean a person will become ill.


What are some common blood-borne diseases?
  • AIDS
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C

Describe standard precautions to take to prevent disease transmission when giving first aid.
  • Hand washing
  • Putting on gloves
  • Using a barrier device (face mask)

Source: Advanced First Aid, CPR and AED, National Safety Council

Activity: Practice putting on and talking off gloves without getting blood on your hands.

Put on the gloves.
You can practice taking off the gloves without getting fluids by putting ketchup on the gloves to simulate blood and practice taking them off correctly without getting the ketchup on your skin.
Hold hands away from your body, with fingers pointing down.
With one hand, grasp your other glove at the wrist or palm and pull away from your hand. 
Pull the glove the rest of the way off.
Holding the removed glove balled up in the palm of the gloved hand, insert two fingers under the cuff of the remaining glove.
Remove the glove by stretching it up and away from the hand and turning it inside out as you pull it off.
Dispose of gloves safely. Use a biohazard container, if possible.

Wash your hands.

What actions should you take whenever you recognize an emergency?
  1. Recognize the emergency.
  2. Check the scene.
  3. Check the victim.
  4. Call 911.
  5. Give first aid.
  6. Have the victim serk medical attention.

List some of the dangerous emergency scenes you should not enter.
  • Traffic collisions
  • Fire scenes
  • Electrical hazards
  • Water and ice hazards
  • Natural Disasters
  • Hazardous materials
  • Unsafe buildings
  • Suicide
  • Hostile victim or family

What are some signs of stress that may occur after an emergency and describe how one can get help if needed.
  • Talk to others you trust.
  • Your reaction is normal. Remind yourself of this.
  • Do not be reluctant to seek professional help.

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