Home School Life Journal From Preschool to High School

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First Aid Lesson 1: Preparing to Act

High School Health Credit: First Aid

What are the four primary goals of first aid?
  1. Keep the victim alive until medical care is available.
  2. Prevent the victim's condition from getting worse 
  3. Help promote early recovery from the injury or illness.
  4. Ensure thHe victim receives appropriate medical care.

Explain why there is a need for first aid training?
  • Heart attack is the single most common cause of death in emergency situations, followed by strokes and injuries.
  • More than 735,000 heart attacks occur each year.

How do you decide whether to help an emergency?

Taking a first aid course will help you get past some things that might make you hesitate to act, such as;
  • You may be worried about not doing the right thing.
  • You may think someone else would provide better care.
  • You may not be sure it is an emergency.
  • You may be upset by the sight of blood or injury.
  • You may be worried about catching a disease from the victim.

How do you decide how to stay prepared for emergencies? 
  • Know appropriate first aid techniques.
  • Be confident in your skills
  • Have a personal first aid at home and in your car.
  • If you or or your significant others have a medical condition, be sure to have that information available for others in an emergency.

Describe the EMS system in your area and the different types of EMS professions.

In our area, we are to dial 911 for EMS.

EMS professions include:
  • Dispatcher
  • Emergency Medical Responder
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Medical Director
  • Hospitals and Specialised Centers

Explain when to call 911 and what information to give the dispatcher.

Call 911 when you or someone around you is;
  • Not breathing normally
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Severe bleeding
  • Poisoning, drug overdose
  • Vomiting blood
  • Dizzy, confused or disoriented
  • Seizure
  • Severe burn
  • Drowning or near drowning
  • Suicide threat
  • Imminent childbirth
  • Unresponsive
  • When you are not sure
Tell the dispatcher;
  • Your name
  • The phone number you are using
  • The location and number of victims
  • What happened and whether the victim may require special rescue or medical equipment
  • The victim's current condition
  • The victim's age (approximate is fine) and sex
  • What has been done for the victim 

What are the legal issues you need to understand related to first aid?

Most states have a Good Samaritan law, protecting one when acting in an emergency voluntarily and without compensation and performing first aid as trained.

Once you begin providing first aid, you are obligated to continue giving care and remain with the victim.

You must provide first aid to a child if you are responsible for the child's care.

Some people are required to give first aid, if their job requires it. This is called the duty to act.

Before you give first aid, you must have the victim's consent (expressed consent) unless he is unresponsive or unless it is a child and a child's parent or guardian is not present (implied consent).

Do not give care if the victim denies consent unless you feel the victim is not competent to understand what is happening or the implications of denying consent.

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