This has been the second week that we have been sick with severe colds and so we didn't get a lot of work accomplished each day. We focused on Japan this week.
History: Shoguns and Samurai
- Read from The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia, p. 156-157. Make notes of key words as you read. Write a few sentences about what you have learned in your history notebook. Another option is to use the Medieval History Portfolio, Homeschool Journey. Describe the feudal society of Japan by defining:
- Code of Bushido
- Minamoto Yoritomo
- Zen Buddism (When the Chinese first introduced Buddhism to Japan, they rejected its harsh principals, so it was altered into Zen, which seemed gentler and kinder. It meshed well with their ancient religion, Shinto. It became the religion of the samurai.)
- Color an appropriate map such as the one with History Odyssey, Pandia Press, Level 1 (1-4th grade), Level 2 (5th-8th grade).
- Include appropriate dates on your timeline.
- Read Tales of the Heike from Tales from Japan. There was a turning point in Japanese history during the early part of the 12th century. The power of the Fujiwara faded and the Gempei civil war broke out. Two warrior clans grew in power, the aristocratic Heike and the Genji. Each clan had massive armies. Tales of the Heike is a long narrative epic that was sung and recited long before it was written down. The moral that the proud will surely be destroyed comes from the Buddhist religion. The tales glorify the samurai while the proud aristocratic family is destroyed. As you read, look for the moral and evidence of the Code of Bushido. The Code of Bushido: loyalty to one's lord, denial of self, self sacrifice and bravery, live a simple life, control emotions mental and physical discipline, desire an honorable death.
- Compare Medieval Japan and Medieval England. (islands, castles, military overlords, religions introduced, minstrels, feudal system.) Compare the levels of the Feudal systems of both countries.
- Compare and contrast a samurai to a knight, using Tales from Japan and King Arthur. including the characteristics of each.
How was your week?
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